Capital of Turkey map
Map of Turkey capital. Capital of Turkey map (Western Asia - Asia) to print. Capital of Turkey map (Western Asia - Asia) to download. Ankara (/ˈæŋkərə/ ANK-ə-rə, also US: /ˈɑːŋ-/ AHNK-ə-rə, Turkish: [ˈaŋkaɾa]), historically known as Ancyra (/ænˈsaɪrə/ an-SY-rə) and Angora (/æŋˈɡɔːrə/ ang-GOR-ə, also US: /ˈæŋɡərə/ ANG-gə-rə), is the capital of Turkey. Located in the central part of Anatolia, the city has a population of 4.5 million in its urban centre and over 5.6 million in Ankara Province, making it Turkey second-largest city after Istanbul as its shown in the capital of Turkey map. On 23 April 1920 the Grand National Assembly of Turkey was established in Ankara, which became the headquarters of the Turkish National Movement during the Turkish War of Independence. Ankara became the new Turkish capital upon the establishment of the Republic on 29 October 1923, succeeding in this role the former Turkish capital Istanbul (Constantinople) following the fall of the Ottoman Empire.
Serving as the capital of the ancient Celtic state of Galatia (280–64 BC), and later of the Roman province with the same name (25 BC–7th century), the city is very old with various Hattian, Hittite, Lydian, Phrygian, Galatian, Greek, Persian, Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman archaeological sites. The Ottomans made the city the capital first of the Anatolia Eyalet (1393–late 15th century), and then the Angora Vilayet (1867–1922) as its mentioned in capital of Turkey map. The historical center of Ankara is a rocky hill rising 150 m (500 ft) over the left bank of the Ankara River, a tributary of the Sakarya River. The hill remains crowned by the ruins of the old citadel. Although few of its outworks have survived, there are well-preserved examples of Roman and Ottoman architecture throughout the city, the most remarkable being the 20 bc Temple of Augustus and Rome that boasts the Monumentum Ancyranum, the inscription recording the Res Gestae Divi Augusti.
When the province of Galatia was divided sometime in 396/99, Ancyra remained the civil capital of Galatia I as you can see in the capital of Turkey map, as well as its ecclesiastical centre (metropolitan see). At about the same time, the themes were established in Anatolia, and Ancyra became capital of the Opsician Theme, which was the largest and most important theme until it was split up under Emperor Constantine V (r. 741–775); Ancyra then became the capital of the new Bucellarian Theme. From 1867 to 1922, the city served as the capital of the Angora Vilayet, which included most of ancient Galatia. A few days earlier, Angora had officially replaced Constantinople as the new Turkish capital city, on 13 October 1923, and Republican officials declared that the city name is Ankara.