Map of Turkey and surrounding countries
Turkey country map surrounding countries. Map of Turkey and surrounding countries (Western Asia - Asia) to print. Map of Turkey and surrounding countries (Western Asia - Asia) to download. Turkey is bordered by eight countries as its shown in the map of Turkey and surrounding countries: Bulgaria to the northwest; Greece to the west; Georgia to the northeast; Armenia, Iran and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; and Iraq and Syria to the southeast. The Mediterranean Sea is to the south; the Aegean Sea is to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits) demarcate the boundary between Thrace and Anatolia; they also separate Europe and Asia.
The totla land boundaries of Turkey: 2,627 km (1,632 mi). Turkey surrounding countries border as you can see in the map of Turkey and surrounding countries: Greece 206 km (128 mi), Bulgaria 240 km (149 mi), Georgia 252 km (157 mi), Armenia 268 km (167 mi), Nakhchivan (Azerbaijan) 9 km (6 mi), Iran 499 km (310 mi), Iraq 331 km (206 mi), Syria 822 km (511 mi). The boundary with Greece was confirmed by the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923, which resolved persistent boundary and territorial claims involving areas in Thrace and provided for a population exchange (see: War of Independence). Under the agreement, most members of the sizable Greek-speaking community of western Turkey were forced to resettle in Greece, while the majority of the Turkish-speaking residents of Thrace who were not forced out during the Balkan wars were removed to Turkey.
The boundary with Bulgaria was confirmed by the Treaty of Lausanne in 1923. The boundary with Iran was confirmed by the Kasr-i Sirin treaty in 1638 as its mentioned in the map of Turkey and surrounding countries. The boundary with Iraq was confirmed by the Treaty of Angora (Ankara) in 1926. Turkey two southern neighbors, Iraq and Syria, had been part of the Ottoman Empire up to 1918. Turkey boundary with Syria has not been accepted by Syria. As a result of the Treaty of Lausanne, the former Ottoman Sanjak (province) of Alexandretta (present-day Hatay Province) was ceded to the France which administered it on behalf of the League of Nations.